LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply TAGSDistrict 7Isadora DeanOrange County School Board Previous articleNORWF Announces August ProgramNext articleLast Day to Register for Back to School Fair Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here UF/IFAS in Apopka will temporarily house District staff; saves almost $400,000 Gov. DeSantis says new moment-of-silence law in public schools protects religious freedom Florida gas prices jump 12 cents; most expensive since 2014 Please enter your name here Please enter your comment! Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Isadora Dean, a candidate for the District 7 seat of the Orange County School Board, announced she received two endorsements over the weekend from the Central Florida AFL-CIO, and the Democratic Disabilities Caucus. Dean is running against incumbent Christine Moore, challengers Matthew Fitzpatrick, and Laura Rounds. District 7 includes all of Apopka.Isadora DeanOn the endorsement, Eric Clinton (President of the Central Florida AFL-CIO) wrote:“On behalf of the Central Florida AFL-CIO I want to congratulate you on earning the endorsement of our members. We take a great deal of pride in the candidates we support. That’s because we see our endorsed candidates as part of the team fighting for Florida’s working families. I know you see yourself as part of that team too.”“I am honored to be endorsed by the Central Florida AFL/CIO,” said Dean. “If elected to the School Board, I know that every student can learn and deserves a good education. I will fight for better schools and support working families. An endorsement from this prestigious Union has created more enthusiasm in our campaign and will help get our message of…getting back to the basics to ensure student success…out to the voters.”Dean was honored to receive the DDC endorsement as well.“I am proud to be endorsed by the Democratic Disabilities Caucus. My experiences as a classroom teacher who held certification in Exceptional Student Education, a writer of IEP’s for high school students, and a parent show my commitment to create barrier-free, inclusive, and diverse schools; especially for those with visible and invisible disabilities. “Dean is the wife of Apopka City Commissioner and Vice Mayor Billie Dean. Election Day for the District 7 seat is August 30th. If no candidate receives a majority of the votes, the top two candidates will runoff against each other on November 8th. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
Please enter your comment! TAGSHanukkahtheconversation.com Previous articleParks help cities – but only if people use themNext articleWant to help save 1 billion gallons of water? Skip a week of lawn irrigation this winter Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate The Anatomy of Fear You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply Dianne Ashton, Professor of Religion at Rowan University and first published on theconversation.com.Hanukkah may be the best known Jewish holiday in the United States. But despite its popularity in the U.S., Hanukkah is ranked one of Judaism’s minor festivals, and nowhere else does it garner such attention. The holiday is mostly a domestic celebration, although special holiday prayers also expand synagogue worship.So how did Hanukkah attain its special place in America?Hanukkah’s back storyThe word “Hanukkah” means dedication. It commemorates the rededicating of the ancient Temple in Jerusalem in 165 B.C. when Jews – led by a band of brothers called the Maccabees – tossed out statues of Hellenic gods that had been placed there by King Antiochus IV when he conquered Judea. Antiochus aimed to plant Hellenic culture throughout his kingdom, and that included worshipping its gods.Legend has it that during the dedication, as people prepared to light the Temple’s large oil lamps to signify the presence of God, only a tiny bit of holy oil could be found. Yet, that little bit of oil remained alight for eight days until more could be prepared. Thus, each Hanukkah evening, for eight nights, Jews light a candle, adding an additional one as the holiday progresses throughout the festival.Hanukkah’s American storyToday, America is home to almost 7 million Jews. But Jews did not always find it easy to be Jewish in America. Until the late 19th century, America’s Jewish population was very small and grew to only as many as 250,000 in 1880. The basic goods of Jewish religious life – such as kosher meat and candles, Torah scrolls, and Jewish calendars – were often hard to find.Until the late 19th century, basic goods of Jewish life were hard to find in the U.S.Zoltan KlugerIn those early days, major Jewish religious events took special planning and effort, and minor festivals like Hanukkah often slipped by unnoticed.My own study of American Jewish history has recently focused on Hanukkah’s development.It began with a simple holiday hymn written in 1840 by Penina Moise, a Jewish Sunday school teacher in Charleston, South Carolina. Her evangelical Christian neighbors worked hard to bring the local Jews into the Christian fold. They urged Jews to agree that only by becoming Christian could they attain God’s love and ultimately reach Heaven.Moise, a famed poet, saw the holiday celebrating dedication to Judaism as an occasion to inspire Jewish dedication despite Christian challenges. Her congregation, Beth Elohim, publicized the hymn by including it in their hymnbook.This English language hymn expressed a feeling common to many American Jews living as a tiny minority. “Great Arbiter of human fate whose glory ne’er decays,” Moise began the hymn, “To Thee alone we dedicate the song and soul of praise.”It became a favorite among American Jews and could be heard in congregations around the country for another century.Shortly after the Civil War, Cincinnati Rabbi Max Lilienthal learned about special Christmas events for children held in some local churches. To adapt them for children in his own congregation, he created a Hanukkah assembly where the holiday’s story was told, blessings and hymns were sung, candles were lighted and sweets were distributed to the children.His friend, Rabbi Isaac M. Wise, created a similar event for his own congregation. Wise and Lilienthal edited national Jewish magazines where they publicized these innovative Hanukkah assemblies, encouraging other congregations to establish their own.Lilienthal and Wise also aimed to reform Judaism, streamlining it and emphasizing the rabbi’s role as teacher. Because they felt their changes would help Judaism survive in the modern age, they called themselves “Modern Maccabees.” Through their efforts, special Hanukkah events for children became standard in American synagogues.20th-century expansionBy 1900, industrial America produced the abundance of goods exchanged each Dec. 25. Christmas’ domestic celebrations and gifts to children provided a shared religious experience to American Christians otherwise separated by denominational divisions. As a home celebration, it sidestepped the theological and institutional loyalties voiced in churches.For the 2.3 million Jewish immigrants who entered the U.S. between 1881 and 1924, providing their children with gifts in December proved they were becoming American and obtaining a better life.But by giving those gifts at Hanukkah, instead of adopting Christmas, they also expressed their own ideals of American religious freedom, as well as their own dedication to Judaism.A Hanukkah religious service and party in 1940.Center for Jewish History, NYCAfter World War II, many Jews relocated from urban centers. Suburban Jewish children often comprised small minorities in public schools and found themselves coerced to participate in Christmas assemblies. Teachers, administrators and peers often pressured them to sing Christian hymns and assert statements of Christian faith.From the 1950s through the 1980s, as Jewish parents argued for their children’s right to freedom from religious coercion, they also embellished Hanukkah. Suburban synagogues expanded their Hanukkah programming.As I detail in my book, Jewish families embellished domestic Hanukkah celebrations with decorations, nightly gifts and holiday parties to enhance Hanukkah’s impact. In suburbia, Hanukkah’s theme of dedication to Judaism shone with special meaning. Rabbinical associations, national Jewish clubs and advertisers of Hanukkah goods carried the ideas for expanded Hanukkah festivities nationwide.In the 21st century, Hanukkah accomplishes many tasks. Amid Christmas, it reminds Jews of Jewish dedication. Its domestic celebration enhances Jewish family life. In its similarity to Christmas domestic gift-giving, Hanukkah makes Judaism attractive to children and – according to my college students – relatable to Jews’ Christian neighbors. In many interfaith families, this shared festivity furthers domestic tranquility.In America, this minor festival has attained major significance. Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 Please enter your name here Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/593390/ad-classics-bolwoning-dries-kreijkamp Clipboard Housing Projects CopyAbout this officeDries Kreijkamp OfficeFollowProductsGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsArchitecture ClassicsResidential ArchitectureHousing’s-HertogenboschGoogieHousingResidentialThe NetherlandsPublished on February 07, 2015Cite: Gili Merin. “AD Classics: Bolwoning / Dries Kreijkamp ” 07 Feb 2015. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
ArchDaily Photographs CopyHouses•Shimonoseki, Japan Houses Manufacturers: NEW LIGHT POTTERY, Osmo, Kyoei Mokuzai, NuprotecSave this picture!© Koichi TorimuraRecommended ProductsMetallicsKriskadecorMetal Fabric – Outdoor CladdingFiber Cements / CementsEQUITONEFiber Cement Facade Panel NaturaFiber Cements / CementsSwisspearlSwisspearl Largo Fiber Cement PanelsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesIsland Exterior FabricatorsCurtain Wall Facade SystemsText description provided by the architects. A couple retired to the countryside. As newcomers, they wished to be open and contribute to their new community. Following this idea, the house was planned to be open and public, centering on the retired preschool teacher wife’s picture book collection, a simple hall for the husband, a flute player, and a garden, without a wall, like a park. To support this open lifestyle in the long term, we also were careful to make private spaces for the couple.Save this picture!© Koichi TorimuraThe property itself features a quiet bamboo grove and a stream to the north, and a sunny path in the south. To bring a feeling of abundance to the beautiful piece of land, we created a multipurpose space that had a feeling of progression, of unfolding.Animals are said to relax best in a space that provides both prospect and refuge. We tried to create such a space.Save this picture!© Koichi TorimuraSave this picture!Floor planSave this picture!© Koichi TorimuraFirstly, we placed L-shaped walls that defined spaces simply and shifted them slightly to make crevices between the L walls and thus create views. The functions were placed along the ridge of the roof so that privacy increases in the back and openness increases in front.Save this picture!© Koichi TorimuraAcoustic requirements specified the gable roof, and under that to the left and right along the axis of the ridge, L walls overlap and provide a natural refuge. Through the crevices between the L walls, light, wind, greenery and people come and go. This will support the couple’s new life, in tune with their surroundings.Save this picture!© Koichi TorimuraProject gallerySee allShow lessYiyuan Xiaozhu / Shanghai Dachuan ArchitectsSelected ProjectsThe Box- Tel Aviv Loft for a young couple / Toledano+ArchitectsSelected Projects Share Projects “COPY” “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/910011/sequence-of-l-walls-ikeda-yukie-ono-toshiharu-architects Clipboard Architects: Ikeda Yukie Ono Toshiharu Architects Area Area of this architecture project Sequence of L walls / Ikeda Yukie Ono Toshiharu ArchitectsSave this projectSaveSequence of L walls / Ikeda Yukie Ono Toshiharu Architects Year: 2016 Area: 87 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Save this picture!© Koichi Torimura+ 34Curated by María Francisca González Share Sequence of L walls / Ikeda Yukie Ono Toshiharu Architects Japan ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/910011/sequence-of-l-walls-ikeda-yukie-ono-toshiharu-architects Clipboard Photographs: Koichi Torimura Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project CopyAbout this officeIkeda Yukie Ono Toshiharu ArchitectsOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesShimonosekiJapanPublished on January 25, 2019Cite: “Sequence of L walls / Ikeda Yukie Ono Toshiharu Architects” 24 Jan 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Esta es la segunda sección de la exposición presentada por Olmedo Beluche, Analista y autor marxista panameño, profesor de sociología de la Universidad de Panamá y miembro del Polo Democrático. Beluche, hizo su presentación durante un foro titulado “La situación de las Izquierdas en América Latina,” organizado por la Fundación Friedrich Ebert en la ciudad de Panamá el 25 de agosto del 2016.Parte IILa crisis política es una lucha por el control del ingreso nacional:El efecto político de esta situación en nuestro continente implica la crisis o “fin de ciclo” de los gobiernos “populistas o progresistas”, que financiaron importantes programas sociales con el “boom” de los precios de las exportaciones de materias primas. La crisis política se manifiesta como una disputa más álgida entre los partidos y las clases sociales por el control del aparato del estado.El sistema recorta la posibilidad de gobiernos que busquen equilibrios sociales mediante programas de transferencias (subsidios). La “medicina” ordenada desde los centros de mando del capitalismo es más austeridad, por eso se impulsa con todos los medios gobiernos capaces de imponerla a los pueblos, la derecha política.Aunque haya gobiernos “progresistas” dispuestos a aplicar, así sea parcialmente, los ajustes, como sucedió con el PT brasileño, lo cual le llevó a erosionar su base social de apoyo facilitando el golpe de estado contra Dilma Rousseff, es más eficiente para el sistema que lo hagan gobiernos descarnadamente derechistas. En términos generales, los gobiernos socialdemócratas, progresistas o populistas siempre tienen presiones de sus bases electorales e internas que dificultan la aplicación consecuente de medidas neoliberales.Para enfrentar crisis de este tipo son más útiles al sistema capitalista gobiernos de derecha. Por lo que, desde los centros de poder económico mundial, se impulsa el vuelco hacia gobiernos de derecha o liberales, ya sea por la vía electoral o mediante golpes de estado más o menos solapados. También a lo interno de los países, las burguesías están menos dispuestas a compartir los réditos de las exportaciones y el ingreso nacional con las clases populares, por ello luchan por el control del aparato del estado para usarlo a su favor en la crisis.Este es el fenómeno político que se está produciendo en América Latina. Su origen es la propia crisis sistémica del capitalismo.La derrota electoral del peronismo en Argentina, la creciente inestabilidad en Venezuela y el intento de la oposición de forzar el referendo revocatorio, así como el golpe de estado parlamentario contra la presidente Dilma Rousseff, son las expresiones más claras de la crisis política y la disputa entre las clases sociales por el control de la renta nacional.No olvidemos que a estos acontecimientos les han precedido los golpes de estado contra presidentes legítimamente electos como Aristide en Haití, Zelaya en Honduras y Lugo en Paraguay.Otra víctima directa de la ofensiva de la derecha son las instituciones internacionales fundadas o refundadas bajo el liderazgo de Hugo Chávez que buscaban dar un poco más de soberanía y unidad a las naciones latinoamericanas frente al control del imperialismo norteamericano, como: el ALBA, CELAC, Mercosur, etc.Si en los diez años de buenos precios de las exportaciones, alcanzó para que la burguesía latinoamericana tomara su parte y a la vez se financiaran desde el estado los programas sociales de “transferencias”, ahora hay que cortar y alguien tiene que perder. La burguesía no está dispuesta a ceder su pedazo.Por ello, la imposición de gobiernos de derecha va acompañada de fuertes medidas neoliberales, de recortes del gasto social y derechos económicos, como lo prueban la gestión de Macri en Argentina y Temer en Brasil.c. ¿Cuál ha sido el carácter de los gobiernos progresistas o populistas?Los gobiernos progresistas o populistas latinoamericanos han sido producto de verdaderas revoluciones populares que estallaron hacia los años 90, luego de más de una década de aplicación de duros planes de “ajuste estructural” por gobiernos oligárquicos, neoliberales y obedientes a los dictados del FMI y el Banco Mundial. La superexplotación a que sometieron a los asalariados, la miseria y desempleo a la que llevaron a millones de personas, produjo en algunos países sublevaciones populares.El liderazgo de Hugo Chávez nació de los dramáticos acontecimientos del “Caracazo” de 1989; el de Evo Morales de la lucha de los cocaleros por defender sus cultivos y la “guerra del agua” contra las privatizaciones; el de Rafael Correa, de movimientos sociales y crisis políticas semejantes. El gobierno de los Kirchner en Argentina no se entiende sin la explosión de 2000 – 2001 producida por “el corralito”.Los 15 años de gobiernos del PT en Brasil son producto de un ascenso más moderado pero continuado de las luchas obreras, al igual que el retorno al poder del FSLN en Nicaragua, y la victoria del FMLN en El Salvador.El carácter de esos procesos populares fue esencialmente popular, antineoliberal y democrático. Han sido procesos canalizados por la vía electoral, de manera que no rebasaron, hasta ahora, los márgenes de la democracia burguesa y de la propiedad capitalista. Contrario a las revoluciones ocurridas en el siglo XX, desde la rusa hasta la cubana, que rápidamente expropiaron a la clase capitalista, los procesos populistas latinoamericanos de inicios del siglo XXI, se han mantenido dentro de los márgenes del sistema.El fallecido presidente Hugo Chávez, que ocupó la vanguardia de este proceso continental, tuvo el mérito de recuperar la aspiración de las masas a una sociedad sin explotadores, el socialismo, en un momento decisivo de la historia humana cuando la “Caída del Muro”, la desaparición de la URSS y el “socialismo de mercado” chino se habían transformado en una victoria política del capitalismo neoliberal.En una década a inicios del siglo XXI, cuando las fuerzas anticapitalistas reunidas en el Foro Social Mundial de Porto Alegre apenas se atrevían a sugerir que “otro mundo es posible”, por fuera de la globalización capitalista, Hugo Chávez se paró en su tribuna y dijo claramente que ese mundo posible era el “Socialismo del Siglo XXI”. Millones de personas se sintieron referenciadas en esa consigna, que inspiró su lucha. Ese es uno de los grandes aportes de Chávez a la lucha de clases en ese cambio de siglo.Sin embargo, el “socialismo del siglo XXI” era una fórmula algebraica en la que cada quien entendía lo que quería: unos veían una continuidad con el socialismo soviético de principios del siglo XX, otros una versión latinoamericana de la socialdemocracia, otros una crítica al estalinismo. Sea como sea, el hecho real es que siendo una buena fórmula propagandista, el proceso político venezolano, hasta hoy, no rebasó los límites del capitalismo, la democracia burguesa y la propiedad privada capitalista.El país donde las nacionalizaciones de empresas avanzaron más fue Venezuela, sin embargo, en ningún momento el peso de la economía estatizada llegó a superar al sector privado. Y las empresas nacionalizadas han sufrido mala administración, conflictos laborales internos e incluso, en algunos casos, corrupción en sus gestores. La banca y el comercio exterior han seguido bajo control de los grandes capitalistas importadores. En Venezuela el estado ha controlado las divisas, pero la burguesía ha tenido la habilidad de usar el control cambiario y el mercado negro del dólar para hacerse con buena parte de la renta petrolera y las reservas de la nación, fugando capitales (se estima en 300 mil millones de dólares) a países como Panamá parte de la riqueza nacional, incluso usándolo para sabotear la economía, acaparar y promover la desestabilización política .Sin la nacionalización de la banca y el sistema financiero nacional, sin el control estatal del comercio exterior y sin la nacionalización de la gran industria, es decir, sin elementales medidas realmente socialistas, los gobiernos latinoamericanos en general están a mansalva de la burguesía, del imperialismo y del sabotaje económico, como prueba reiteradamente el caso de Venezuela.Esa contradicción explica sus limitaciones y la dificultad para responder a la ofensiva de las derechas nacionales apoyadas por el imperialismo norteamericano, y alentadas por los grandes medios de comunicación. A lo que se suma la actitud reformista de muchos dirigentes de estos gobiernos progresistas que, afectados por una especie de “cretinismo parlamentario” (Marx), se someten dócilmente a los formalismos de las instituciones burguesas, quieren demostrar que son buenos gestores del capitalismo y, ante todo, temen convocar a las masas a las calles. En este sentido ha sido clara la actuación de los dirigentes del PT brasileño en el marco del golpe contra Dilma, cuyo gobierno se habría defendido mejor con una huelga general que con alegatos en un Senado corrupto.d. Los programas sociales y algunas nacionalizaciones no son socialismo:Algunas personas han confundido los programas sociales característicos de esta “década progresista o populista” con socialismo, pero se equivocan. Los programas sociales, las “misiones” o subsidios, no son medidas de tipo socialista, sino medidas redistributivas de estilo neokeynesiano, que se han financiado con los números positivos de las exportaciones de materias primas, principalmente petróleo.Los programas sociales no se han financiado de la expropiación de la burguesía. Por el contrario, han sido incluso recomendados por los organismos de crédito internacional (FMI, Banco Mundial) para paliar el descontento social producido por la desigualdad impuesta por el neoliberalismo. Los organismos financieros del capitalismo les llaman “transferencias” y han sido ejecutadas incluso por gobiernos de derecha, como el de Martinelli en Panamá.Las nacionalizaciones por sí mismas tampoco son verdadero socialismo, aunque son grandemente progresivas. Si las nacionalizaciones se convierten en un acto meramente burocrático de estado, en el marco de una economía de mercado, en especial si al final llevan a una gestión corrupta e ineficiente por parte de gerentes impuestos, en todo caso se transforman en un “capitalismo de estado”.Para que la estatización o nacionalización de la industria adquiera un carácter socialista debe emanar de la auténtica e independiente movilización de los trabajadores, el control obrero de las fábricas y mecanismos asamblearios democráticos (sóviets). El socialismo no es una medida administrativa, sino una relación social, parafraseando a Marx.Notas: Sutherland, Manuel. “2016: La peor de las crisis económicas, causas, medidas y crónica de una ruina anunciada”. Centro de Investigación y Formación Obrera (CIFO). Caracas, 16 de febrero de 2016.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Chris SilveraLos Angeles — The achievements of union and community organizer Chris Silvera were celebrated on March 10 when he was honored here with the Lifetime Achievement Award of the Teamsters National Black Caucus of Southern California.Silvera, based in Long Island City, N.Y., is a leader greatly admired throughout the U.S. for his militancy and strategic actions. He is the secretary-treasurer and principal officer of Teamsters Local 808. The local represents a diverse group of workers, including railroad, building maintenance, factory and public sector. Silvera is the longest serving principal officer in the Teamsters union.The Teamsters have a long, revolutionary history in the Black liberation struggle. TNBC was formed in 1971 to ensure that Black workers are represented in key leadership positions in the union, and to promote affirmative action and educate Black communities in and out of the union.The effectiveness of this work is apparent, as the Teamsters have a wonderful representation of Black leadership, including women. They are a powerful lesson in how a progressive union can lead by example.The TNBC SoCal branch is nationally recognized as a revolutionary, progressive branch, so it was fitting that it chose to honor Silvera. The event was organized by Robert Turner, a major progressive force in fighting for the rights of Black workers.Silvera was introduced by Sen. Maxine Waters, who highlighted the importance of Silvera’s victory in having International Workers’ Day (May Day) proclaimed as an official holiday for Local 808 workers.In his acceptance speech, Silvera stressed the importance of revolutionary leadership. He opened with a quotation from the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.: “Human progress is neither automatic nor inevitable. Even a superficial look at history reveals that no social advance rolls in on the wheels of inevitability. Every step towards the goal of justice requires sacrifice, suffering, and struggle; the tireless exertions and passionate concern of dedicated individuals.”Silvera used this quote to highlight the work that SoCal TNBC does on a continual basis to make change through class struggle. He confronted Trump’s attacks on the working class and stressed the importance of all workers remaining united as the working class rather than hiding behind the safety of “middle class” labels.The Local 808 leader stated that it is the union’s duty to organize and move its workers to understand that Trump is not for them, that Trump is explicitly anti-worker. He explained that the union should be used as a vehicle for advancement, not complacency, and that taking a risk to fight for rights earned by the unions is both necessary and needed.He emphasized that union business agents must not accept tokens and trinkets for their silence and compliance, but rather be true representatives in uplifting Black communities all over the world, most especially in times of need. He spoke of global Black communities suffering because of U.S. imperialism, including Haiti, Nigeria and the Sudan — all needing solidarity from the TNBC.Silvera highlighted the importance of recognizing the transformation of the U.S. from an industrial country to a service economy, and the need for service workers to demand and earn the same wages, securities and benefits as other unionized workers.He called on the Teamsters as a whole to be responsible as leaders in the labor movement to uplift the working class. He defined the role of the TNBS as increasing the participation of Blacks in the working-class struggle in order to manifest true equality and dignity for all workers.Silvera was accompanied by his longtime friends Clarence Thomas and Dolores Lemon Thomas. Thomas, a union organizer and retired member of International Longshore and Warehouse Union Local 10 from the Bay Area, played a key role in the historic closings of San Francisco ports to protest South Africa’s apartheid regime. Chris Silvera and Clarence Thomas were leading organizers of the landmark Million Worker March in 2004.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
A bomb near the town of Florencia (in the southern department of Caquetá) yesterday destroyed an antenna used jointly by local radio stations Cristalina Estéreo and Espléndida Estéreo. The two stations, which cover all issues including the civil war, continued to broadcast in neighbouring departments. Neither had received any threat, Cristalina Estéreo manager Jairo Benítez said.The department of Caquetá is a traditional stronghold of the Marxist guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and is one of the epicentres of the civil war.Yesterday’s bombing was the fourth in a month against radio antennae or radio station installations in the south. Latina Estéreo’s antenna in Puerto Asís (in Putumayo department) was bombed on 13 February. A car-bomb claimed by the FARC destroyed most of the Cali studios of the radio and TV broadcaster RCN on 20 February. An antenna used by RCN and Caracol in Mocoa (in the north of Putumayo department) was blown up on 2 March.__________________________07.03.05-Arson attack destroys relay station used by two TV networksThe broadcasts of two privately-owned TV networks, RCN and Caracol, are longer reaching much of the southern department of Putumayo following an attack on a joint relay station near the locality of Mocoa on 2 March. The daily El Tiempo quoted an army spokesman as saying “several men disguised as police officers overpowered the guard, doused the premises with gasoline and set it on fire.”The attack, which the local authorities blame on the Marxist guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), is the third on the news media in Putumayo in the past few weeks. An explosion destroyed the aerial of radio Latina Estereo on 13 February in Puerto Asís, while La Dorada Estéreo journalist Carlos Gomajoa Buesaquillo was forced to flee on 18 February. It was also the second attack this year on RCN, whose studios in Cali were bombed on 20 February.___________________04.03.05- President Uribe orders army to give the news media better protectionCondemning the 20 February bombing of RCN’s radio and TV studios in Cali, President Álvaro Uribe yesterday ordered the armed forces to “redouble security provisions for the news media and said protection of press freedom was one of his priorities. The Cali bombing injured two people and destroyed 70 per cent of the RCN’s premises.____________________________28.03.05- FARC claims bombing of RCN studios in CaliThe guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) have claimed responsibility for the 20 February bombing that injured two people and wrecked 70 per cent of the building housing the studios of the radio and TV broadcaster RCN in Cali.In a communique dated 24 February that was released yesterday, the guerrillas accused RCN of becoming “an echo chamber for army propaganda and a semi-official government media.” The use of the term “echo chamber” clearly alluded to a recent comment by Vice-President Francisco Santos accusing the Colombian news media of “creating an echo chamber for terrorist activities.” The FARC said in its statement that it “respects the opinions and work of RCN’s journalists” but “objects to the strategy of its owners against the right to be well-informed.”_______________________________22.02.05-Concern about safety of journalists in Cali region after bombing of RCNReporters Without Borders voiced alarm today about growing threats to press freedom in Colombia after a powerful car-bomb wrecked 70 per cent the building housing the RCN radio and television stations in Cali on 20 February.”We demand a thorough investigation to identify those responsible for this flagrant attack on the journalistic profession and the right to report the news,” the organization said, pointing out that previous press freedom violations in the Cali region have never been solved.Two people were injured in the RCN bombing – Radio Calidad employee Ricardo Luna and RCN security guard Jaime Alberto Martínez. Both were hospitalized. The bomb consisted of an estimated 20 kg of explosives that were left in a Renault 4 car.Army chief Gen. Reinaldo Castellanos accused the Marxist guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) of responsibility.It was not the first attack against RCN. Shots were fired at an RCN crew near Cali in April 2002, killing journalist Walter López and cameraman Héctor Sandoval. At the time, journalists blamed this attack on the military, who blamed it on the FARC. RCN studios in Cúcuta and Valledupar were also attacked in 2002, while rockets were fired at RCN headquarters in Bogotá in April of that year.Reporters Without Borders has meanwhile learned that press photographer Hernando Marné Sánchez Roldán was killed on 19 February in Tulúa, a locality near Cali, in an area prone to turf battles between guerrillas, paramilitaries and drug traffickers. He was taking photos when a man came up and shot him twice. He had never reported receiving any threats and it was not immediately clear whether he was killed because of his work as a journalist. ColombiaAmericas ColombiaAmericas News March 15, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Another radio antenna blown up in the south Reports Follow the news on Colombia to go further RSF, IFEX-ALC and Media Defence, support FLIP and journalist Diana Díaz against state harassment in Colombia Receive email alerts RSF_en 2011-2020: A study of journalist murders in Latin America confirms the importance of strengthening protection policies News May 13, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information RSF begins research into mechanisms for protecting journalists in Latin America Organisation News October 21, 2020 Find out more April 27, 2021 Find out more
News Updates’Abuse Of Process’ : Karnataka High Court Dismisses Petition Seeking Criminal Action Against Azim Premji Under RBI Act Mustafa Plumber20 Jan 2021 4:56 AMShare This – xThe Karnataka High Court has dismissed a petition filed by a not for profit company named “India Awake for Transparency”, challenging an order of the magistrate court dismissing its private complaint seeking directions to Reserve Bank of India to register a case against Wipro founder Azim Premji and others under the Reserve Bank of India Act. A single bench of Justice Suraj…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Karnataka High Court has dismissed a petition filed by a not for profit company named “India Awake for Transparency”, challenging an order of the magistrate court dismissing its private complaint seeking directions to Reserve Bank of India to register a case against Wipro founder Azim Premji and others under the Reserve Bank of India Act. A single bench of Justice Suraj Govindaraj while dismissing the petition said: “I am of the considered opinion that the writ petition filed is an abuse of process of law and of this court, the same is not maintainable. The grievance of the petitioner has already been addressed by RBI by its order dated 5.09.2017 passed. If at all the petitioner has any grievance as regards the said order, the petitioner is required to take adequate and necessary steps not by filing of proceedings by way of a private complaint before the Magistrate or by way of writ petition before this Court.” The petitioner had challenged the order dated July 28, 2020, by which the private complaint filed by it was dismissed. In its complaint It was alleged that the RBI Act was amended with effect from 9.1.1997 to strengthen the role of RBI in supervising Non Banking Finance companies (NBFC). Section 45 IA of the RBI Act made it mandatory for all the NBFC to obtain registration from RBI in the event of the business being conducted without such registration, such an entity could be prosecuted under Section 58B(4A). The complainant alleged that respondents being directors of various companies were carrying on non-banking financial business in the said companies without registration and as such had committed offences under Section 45IA of the RBI Act and as such they were to be prosecuted. The magistrate court dismissed the private complaint holding that the representation earlier submitted by the petitioner was still pending with the Governor of the RBI for consideration. The status of said representation was not known. In the absence thereof, the Court was of the opinion that no direction can be issued to the Governor of the RBI. Senior Advocate S Ganesh, instructed by Advocate Sandeep Huligol appearing for the respondents raised a preliminary objection on the maintainability of the petition. It was submitted that “The above writ petition is not tenable, that the issue raised in the private complaint has already been decided by the Delhi High Court in W.P.No.4905/2017. Moreover, the petitioner having filed PIL before this Court and having withdrawn the same unconditionally without reserving any liberty, the present writ petition is not maintainable and as such, the writ petition is to be dismissed.” It was also pointed that the petitioner had also filed a PIL in W.P.No.3635/2020 before the High Court whereunder the Governor of RBI and various other entities had been arrayed as parties and that in the said matter also allegations were made as regards violation of RBI Act, more particularly relating to registration of the NBFC. The said PIL having been heard by the Division Bench of this Court, upon the Division Bench of this court not being convinced with the said matter, the petitioner after addressing arguments in the matter sought for withdrawal of the same during the proceedings on 1.10.2020 and as such, the petition was disposed of as unconditionally withdrawn. It was contended that once the proceeding had been filed making allegations before this Court as a PIL or otherwise and the same had been withdrawn, the filing of the present writ petition is barred by relying on the decision of the Apex Court in Sarguja Transport Service –v- State Transport Appellate Tribunal and others [1987(1) SCC 5]. Senior advocate R.V.S. Naik, instructed by Advocate V.V.Giri, for respondent No.1 (RBI), submitted that “The claim of the petitioner is hit by the principles of res judicata inasmuch as the RBI vide its order dated 5.9.2017 has rejected the claims of the petitioner. If at all the petitioner has any grievance, the petitioner ought to have challenged the order dated 5.9.2017. Same not having been challenged, a private complaint could not have been filed by the petitioner. Further, it was said that “The said order of the RBI having been made in pursuance of the order of the Hon’ble Delhi High Court has an effect of res judicata, the petitioner cannot once again reagitate the same except by way of an appeal” AdvocateR.Subraminian,appearing for the petitioner submitted that proceedings which had been filed before the Delhi High Court were different from that which had been filed before the Magistrate. Before the Delhi High Court, the relief which had been sought for was for a mandamus to decide on the representations given by the petitioner, whereas the proceedings in PCR had been filed to register a complaint against respondents. Moreover, the letter dated 5.9.2017 of RBI cannot be said to be an order passed by the RBI inasmuch as there is no judicial or quasi judicial proceedings which took place. The said letter has been issued on the basis of documents available, no hearing was conducted and therefore, the same is not in compliance with the directions of the Delhi High Court and as such, the said letter dated 5.9.2017, cannot be said to be an order passed by the RBI. The PIL which had been filed before this Court was also relating to a completely different aspect inasmuch in the said PIL, the petitioner had sought for the constitution of a Multi Disciplinary Investigation team to investigate and prosecute the 11th respondent therein and his associates, which is completely different from that which is sought for before the Magistrate. The court said: “The bench went through the proceedings filed before the Delhi High Court, Karnataka High Court and the private complaint and noted that “It cannot be disputed now by the petitioner that the relief sought for before the Delhi High Court, in the PIL before this Court, as also in the private complaint filed before the Magistrate, are one and the same though by legal and linguistic gymnastics they have been worded differently.” It added :”What this court is required to look into and appreciate is if the reliefs sought for on the allegations made are one and the same. Clever drafting and or subterfuge resorted to in such drafting would not take away the fact that the allegations made in all three proceedings are one and the same.The wording being different is only the careful and ingenious drafting of the prayers and/or the reliefs sought for since the forums are different but essentially in all the three matters what has been sought is a direction to the RBI to take action against respondents No.2 to 7 for alleged violation of Section 45-IA of the RBI Act.” The bench also noted that RBI has categorically debunked the allegations made by the petitioners against respondents. It has categorically stated that the merger cannot be annulled or RBI cannot approach the Court for annulment of such merger. Accordingly, the bench said “Though it has been contended by R.Subramanian that the present writ petition is more in the nature of an appeal from the order passed by the trial Court, having regard to the aforesaid facts and the aforesaid proceedings, I am of the considered opinion that the said PCR No.7111/2020 is one more proceedings filed by the petitioner in furtherance of the proceedings before the Hon’ble Delhi High Court, PIL filed before this Court, the proceedings before the Company Court, etc.” It added :”The allegations and/or complaints of the petitioner having already been considered by the RBI and a detailed order dated 5.9.2017 having been passed by the RBI, I am of the considered opinion applying the principles laid down by the Apex Court in Sarguja’s case that when the petitioner unconditionally withdraws a particular matter, the said subject matter could not be re-agitated in any other proceedings.” The bench concluded by saying :”Though it is sought to be contended that the order passed by the Delhi High Court would operate as res judicata. I am of the considered opinion that the order of the Delhi High Court was only a direction to the RBI to consider the complaints and pass an order. Such a direction not being one on merits cannot be termed to operate as res judicata. For an order to operate as res judicata it has to be passed on merits between the same parties. The order of the Hon’ble Delhi High Court would not qualify to be that passed between the same parties since the parties in the present matter are different and as such, I am of the considered opinion that the said order would not operate as res judicata.” Case Details:Case Title: INDIA AWAKE FOR TRANSPARENCY And AZIM HASHAM PREMJI. Case No: 11482 of 2020 Date of order: January 18, 2021. Coram: Justice Suraj Govindaraj: Appearance: Advocate R SUBRAMANIAN for petitioner. Senior Advocate R.V.S. NAIK, a/w Advocate SURYANARAYANA, FOR R1-RBI; Senior Advocate S.GANESH, a/w advocate SANDEEP HULIGOL, FOR R2 TO R7.Click Here To Download Order[Read Order]Next Story
WILTON – A collaboration between the Western Maine Play Museum and Spruce Mountain Middle School LEGO Team has resulted in an innovative solution to a problem faced by many right now: kid-safe sanitization.At first glance, hand sanitizer might not seem to fit into the world of LEGOs, but team leader Rob Taylor said the tiny, colorful bricks are only half of what the team works with.“The other half is all innovation. Some teams integrate LEGOs into that, but they don’t have to,” Taylor said.This year’s competition presented the theme of solving a problem in a public space. The middle school team “Just the Incredible Six” (Adria McHugh, Aalyah Herrera, Tateum Leclerc, Cecilia Pike, Brenden Veilleux, and Skyler Condon) immediately thought of the Play Museum, which had only recently opened. After visiting they landed on the issue of how to sanitize the space that is so widely used by many little, dirty hands.“A lot of hand sanitizers are alcohol-based, so the team decided to focus on making a sanitizer that is more kid friendly,” Taylor said.After doing extensive research and talking to other children’s museums across the nation, the team discovered the anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties of tea tree oil. The natural oil seemed like a good basis for their solution.Since inventing the gel, the team has been invited to submit their project to the FIRST LEGO League Global Innovation Award held in Disney in June. Their submission will join 200 others vying for only 20 qualifying spots.“The kids keep saying it feels like we’re on Shark Tank. The judges are really looking for a real world solution, not just a pie in the sky idea,” Taylor said.