Tchenguiz bros pursue $1.6bn Kaupthing claim

first_imgWednesday 16 March 2011 1:26 pm whatsapp Show Comments ▼ The Tchenguiz brothers, the property magnates briefly arrested in a UK fraud probe into Iceland’s Kaupthing, won the right to pursue a claim of over £1bn in damages from the failed bank.The High Court has rejected an application by Kaupthing Bank to dismiss the claim for the technical legal reason that it did not have the jurisdiction to hear it. The case will now proceed to be heard in England.London-based Vincent and Robert Tchenguiz, two of Britain’s most high-profile entrepreneurs, sued for damages last July, alleging they had suffered “massive losses” because the bank’s failure to recognise their claim “gravely compromised” their relationship with other financing counterparties.Speaking as chairman of Consensus Business Group – an advisor of the Tchenguiz Family Trust’s Euro Group which is also a claimant in the proceedings – Vincent Tchenguiz said the claimants would “vigorously” pursue compensation.He declined to take questions outside the court, where his legal team handed a statement to journalists.Vincent and Robert Tchenguiz’s relationship with Kaupthing has become thorny since the bank was felled by its debts during the credit crisis of 2008, compounded by a property collapse that helped severely dent the brothers’ once huge fortunes.The brothers were among nine people arrested last week after police raided addresses in London and the Icelandic capital Reykjavik as part of an investigation co-ordinated by Britain’s Serious Fraud Office (SFO).But the Iranian-born Tchenguiz duo, who denied any wrongdoing and said they were cooperating fully with investigators, were released without charge after questioning.Less than one week later, however, Vincent Tchenguiz’s property management company Peverel Group was pushed into administration because Bank of America Merrill Lynch demanded the repayment of a £124.6m loan plus accrued interest within 24 hours.Tchenguiz blamed the “very public commencement of the Serious Fraud Office’s investigation” into Kaupthing for the bank’s decision to recall the loan.The SFO has been investigating the collapse of Kaupthing since 2009, focusing in part on why substantial value was extracted from the bank shortly before its collapse.Robert Tchenguiz, a shareholder both directly and indirectly in Kaupthing Bank, along with “related parties” owed around €2bn (£1.73bn) on top of loan facilities secured with subsidiaries when Kaupthing failed, according to an Icelandic investigation committee. Tchenguiz bros pursue $1.6bn Kaupthing claim whatsappcenter_img Share alison.lock Tags: NULLlast_img read more

Camelot Ghana Limited ( 2002 Annual Report

first_imgCamelot Ghana Limited ( listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange under the Paper & Packaging sector has released it’s 2002 annual report.For more information about Camelot Ghana Limited ( reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Camelot Ghana Limited ( company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Camelot Ghana Limited (  2002 annual report.Company ProfileCamelot Ghana Limited is a security printing company involved in the design, processing, printing and finishing of security print orders, business forms and documents and identity products. The company provides a service to governmental departments, financial institutions and multi-national organisations. Security stationary issued by Camelot Ghana Limited ranges from cheque books and banker’s drafts to share certificates, dividend warrants and lottery tickets. The company produces continuous and cut sheet stationary for insurance company forms, optical character recognition (OCR) forms, pre-prints for laser printers, listing paper and airline boarding passes. Company printing solutions range from magstripe encoded cards to UV cured cards, access control cards and ID cards. Government printing solutions for range from council tax forms to utility billing cards, electoral ballot papers and revenue collection tickets. Subsidiaries of Camelot Ghana Limit offer services ranging from holograms, holosealing, embossed hotfoiling to watermarked cheque paper, chemically-sensitive security paper, solvent sensitive inks, tri-thermochromic inks and microtext printing. Camelot Ghana Limited services governments and institutions in Togo, Burkina Faso, Liberia, Benin, Côte d ´Ivoire, Ethiopia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria. The company headquarters are in Accra, Ghana. Camelot Ghana Limited is listed on the Ghana Stock Exchangelast_img read more

Seed Co Limited FY2010 Presentation

first_imgSeed Co Limited ( listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Agricultural sector has released it’s 2010 presentation results for the full year.For more information about Seed Co Limited ( reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Seed Co Limited ( company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Seed Co Limited (  2010 presentation results for the full year.Company ProfileSeed Co Limited is the leading producer and marketer of certified crop seeds in Zimbabwe, supplying hybrid maize seed to commercial farmers as well as wheat, soya bean, barley, sorghum and ground nut seed. The seeds is grown from parent seeds under contract by an established network of seed producers. Innovation and pioneering breeding methods drive the Seed Company’s success; having successfully developed hybrid crop seed varieties in Zimbabwe that are recorded as the highest yielding varieties in their class. The Seed Company has a dedicated research team; producing hybrid crop seeds and non-hybrid cereals and oil crop seed varieties that are suitable and adaptable for Zimbabwe’s ecological conditions. Seed Co Limited is listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchangelast_img read more

Chams Plc Q32017 Interim Report

first_imgChams Plc ( listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Technology sector has released it’s 2017 interim results for the third quarter.For more information about Chams Plc ( reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Chams Plc ( company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Chams Plc (  2017 interim results for the third quarter.Company ProfileChams Plc provides enterprise technology solutions for identity management and transaction payments to the public and private sectors in Nigeria. The company builds robust, secure and adaptable platforms to facilitate identity management, identity transactions and verification systems. Established in 1985, Chams Plc has executed identification and verification projects for major institutions including INEC, NCC, NHIS, PeNCOM, ICAN, Customs, Nigeria Air Force, NAHCO, Head of Service of the Federation as well as government departments and private education institutions. The company has also handled identity management and transaction payments for the governing bodies of the states of Osun, Anambra, Ogun, Adamawa, Benue and Oyo. Chams Plc handled the execution and deployment of identity management solutions for the Bank Verification Project which was a multi-million dollar initiative of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and the Banker’s Committee. It was the first banking industry biometrics identity matching solution in the global financial markets. Chams Plc is the front end partner to the national Identity Management Commission (NIMC), the agency of the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN). Other notable accolades include pioneering Nigeria’s first payment card scheme, Valucard; and is the first homegrown company in Nigeria to be listed in the Guinness Book of Records for setting up the mega ChamsCity Digital Mall. Chams Plc’s head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. Chams Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchangelast_img read more

Isadora Dean receives two endorsements

first_img LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply TAGSDistrict 7Isadora DeanOrange County School Board Previous articleNORWF Announces August ProgramNext articleLast Day to Register for Back to School Fair Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here UF/IFAS in Apopka will temporarily house District staff; saves almost $400,000 Gov. DeSantis says new moment-of-silence law in public schools protects religious freedom Florida gas prices jump 12 cents; most expensive since 2014 Please enter your name here Please enter your comment! Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Isadora Dean, a candidate for the District 7 seat of the Orange County School Board, announced she received two endorsements over the weekend from the Central Florida AFL-CIO, and the Democratic  Disabilities Caucus. Dean is running against incumbent Christine Moore, challengers Matthew Fitzpatrick, and Laura Rounds. District 7 includes all of Apopka.Isadora DeanOn the endorsement, Eric Clinton (President of the Central Florida AFL-CIO) wrote:“On behalf of the Central Florida AFL-CIO I want to congratulate you on earning the endorsement of our members. We take a great deal of pride in the candidates we support. That’s because we see our endorsed candidates as part of the team fighting for Florida’s working families. I know you see yourself as part of that team too.”“I am honored to be endorsed by the Central Florida AFL/CIO,” said Dean. “If elected to the School Board, I know that every student can learn and deserves a good education. I will fight for better schools and support working families.  An endorsement from this prestigious Union has created more enthusiasm in our campaign and will help get our message of…getting back to the basics to ensure student success…out to the voters.”Dean was honored to receive the DDC endorsement as well.“I am proud to be endorsed by the Democratic Disabilities Caucus. My experiences as a classroom teacher who held certification in Exceptional Student Education, a writer of IEP’s for high school students, and a parent show my commitment to create barrier-free, inclusive, and diverse schools; especially for those with visible and invisible disabilities. “Dean is the wife of Apopka City Commissioner and Vice Mayor Billie Dean. Election Day for the District 7 seat is August 30th. If no candidate receives a majority of the votes, the top two candidates will runoff against each other on November 8th. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.last_img read more

How Hanukkah came to America

first_img Please enter your comment! Previous articleParks help cities – but only if people use themNext articleWant to help save 1 billion gallons of water? Skip a week of lawn irrigation this winter Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate The Anatomy of Fear You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply Dianne Ashton, Professor of Religion at Rowan University and first published on may be the best known Jewish holiday in the United States. But despite its popularity in the U.S., Hanukkah is ranked one of Judaism’s minor festivals, and nowhere else does it garner such attention. The holiday is mostly a domestic celebration, although special holiday prayers also expand synagogue worship.So how did Hanukkah attain its special place in America?Hanukkah’s back storyThe word “Hanukkah” means dedication. It commemorates the rededicating of the ancient Temple in Jerusalem in 165 B.C. when Jews – led by a band of brothers called the Maccabees – tossed out statues of Hellenic gods that had been placed there by King Antiochus IV when he conquered Judea. Antiochus aimed to plant Hellenic culture throughout his kingdom, and that included worshipping its gods.Legend has it that during the dedication, as people prepared to light the Temple’s large oil lamps to signify the presence of God, only a tiny bit of holy oil could be found. Yet, that little bit of oil remained alight for eight days until more could be prepared. Thus, each Hanukkah evening, for eight nights, Jews light a candle, adding an additional one as the holiday progresses throughout the festival.Hanukkah’s American storyToday, America is home to almost 7 million Jews. But Jews did not always find it easy to be Jewish in America. Until the late 19th century, America’s Jewish population was very small and grew to only as many as 250,000 in 1880. The basic goods of Jewish religious life – such as kosher meat and candles, Torah scrolls, and Jewish calendars – were often hard to find.Until the late 19th century, basic goods of Jewish life were hard to find in the U.S.Zoltan KlugerIn those early days, major Jewish religious events took special planning and effort, and minor festivals like Hanukkah often slipped by unnoticed.My own study of American Jewish history has recently focused on Hanukkah’s development.It began with a simple holiday hymn written in 1840 by Penina Moise, a Jewish Sunday school teacher in Charleston, South Carolina. Her evangelical Christian neighbors worked hard to bring the local Jews into the Christian fold. They urged Jews to agree that only by becoming Christian could they attain God’s love and ultimately reach Heaven.Moise, a famed poet, saw the holiday celebrating dedication to Judaism as an occasion to inspire Jewish dedication despite Christian challenges. Her congregation, Beth Elohim, publicized the hymn by including it in their hymnbook.This English language hymn expressed a feeling common to many American Jews living as a tiny minority. “Great Arbiter of human fate whose glory ne’er decays,” Moise began the hymn, “To Thee alone we dedicate the song and soul of praise.”It became a favorite among American Jews and could be heard in congregations around the country for another century.Shortly after the Civil War, Cincinnati Rabbi Max Lilienthal learned about special Christmas events for children held in some local churches. To adapt them for children in his own congregation, he created a Hanukkah assembly where the holiday’s story was told, blessings and hymns were sung, candles were lighted and sweets were distributed to the children.His friend, Rabbi Isaac M. Wise, created a similar event for his own congregation. Wise and Lilienthal edited national Jewish magazines where they publicized these innovative Hanukkah assemblies, encouraging other congregations to establish their own.Lilienthal and Wise also aimed to reform Judaism, streamlining it and emphasizing the rabbi’s role as teacher. Because they felt their changes would help Judaism survive in the modern age, they called themselves “Modern Maccabees.” Through their efforts, special Hanukkah events for children became standard in American synagogues.20th-century expansionBy 1900, industrial America produced the abundance of goods exchanged each Dec. 25. Christmas’ domestic celebrations and gifts to children provided a shared religious experience to American Christians otherwise separated by denominational divisions. As a home celebration, it sidestepped the theological and institutional loyalties voiced in churches.For the 2.3 million Jewish immigrants who entered the U.S. between 1881 and 1924, providing their children with gifts in December proved they were becoming American and obtaining a better life.But by giving those gifts at Hanukkah, instead of adopting Christmas, they also expressed their own ideals of American religious freedom, as well as their own dedication to Judaism.A Hanukkah religious service and party in 1940.Center for Jewish History, NYCAfter World War II, many Jews relocated from urban centers. Suburban Jewish children often comprised small minorities in public schools and found themselves coerced to participate in Christmas assemblies. Teachers, administrators and peers often pressured them to sing Christian hymns and assert statements of Christian faith.From the 1950s through the 1980s, as Jewish parents argued for their children’s right to freedom from religious coercion, they also embellished Hanukkah. Suburban synagogues expanded their Hanukkah programming.As I detail in my book, Jewish families embellished domestic Hanukkah celebrations with decorations, nightly gifts and holiday parties to enhance Hanukkah’s impact. In suburbia, Hanukkah’s theme of dedication to Judaism shone with special meaning. Rabbinical associations, national Jewish clubs and advertisers of Hanukkah goods carried the ideas for expanded Hanukkah festivities nationwide.In the 21st century, Hanukkah accomplishes many tasks. Amid Christmas, it reminds Jews of Jewish dedication. Its domestic celebration enhances Jewish family life. In its similarity to Christmas domestic gift-giving, Hanukkah makes Judaism attractive to children and – according to my college students – relatable to Jews’ Christian neighbors. In many interfaith families, this shared festivity furthers domestic tranquility.In America, this minor festival has attained major significance. Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 Please enter your name here Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.last_img read more

AD Classics: Bolwoning / Dries Kreijkamp

first_imgShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Housing Projects CopyAbout this officeDries Kreijkamp OfficeFollowProductsGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsArchitecture ClassicsResidential ArchitectureHousing’s-HertogenboschGoogieHousingResidentialThe NetherlandsPublished on February 07, 2015Cite: Gili Merin. “AD Classics: Bolwoning / Dries Kreijkamp ” 07 Feb 2015. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogVentilated / Double Skin FacadeTechnowoodProfile Façade SystemGlassMitrexSolar PanelsMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic RoyalFiber Cements / CementsEQUITONEFiber Cement Facade Panel PicturaCultural / PatrimonialIsland Exterior FabricatorsSeptember 11th Memorial Museum Envelope SystemConcreteKrytonSmart ConcreteSignage / Display SystemsGoppionDisplay Case – B-ClassMetal PanelsLorin IndustriesAnodized Aluminum – Stainless Steel FinishesWoodStructureCraftEngineering – Mass TimberWindowspanoramah!®ah!38 – FlexibilityChairsSellexChair – IrinaBathroom FurnitureKaleBathroom Cabinets – ZeroMore products »Read commentsSave想阅读文章的中文版本吗?AD 经典: 球屋 / Dries Kreijkamp是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream 1984 AD Classics: Bolwoning / Dries KreijkampSave this projectSaveAD Classics: Bolwoning / Dries Kreijkamp Save this picture!© Gili MerinWritten by Gili Merin Share “COPY” “COPY” CopyIn the quaint Dutch town of Den Bosch, amongst typical brick-clad homes and winding canals, sits the odd community of Bolwoningen: a cluster of globe-shaped stilt houses punctuated with round windows in a sea of wild vegetation. Built in 1984, these oversized “golf balls” are, in fact, homes: an eccentric product of a relatively unknown architectural experiment conducted by a visionary architect, attempting to impose a new morphological dwelling solution, and hoping to generate a new residential typology. Instead, the bizarre neighbourhood remains a secluded, momentary anecdote in architectural history, and today, provides a glimpse into an age of praised radicalism and irrepressible imagination.More on these “oddballs” after the break.+ 21Save this picture!© Gili MerinIn 1980, Dutch architect, industrial designer and sculptor Dries Kreijkamp (1937-2014) began experimenting with new forms of living within spherical spaces. The scheme he produced was simple, and consisted of two interlocking parts: a cylindrical base, accommodating storage and utility spaces, and a self-supporting, three-story fiberglass sphere. The components are connected by a spiral staircase, leading from the ground level to the bedroom, and slightly higher, on an intermediate floor, the bathroom. The uppermost floor (and perhaps the excuse for the cramped bedroom and bathroom below) is the adjoining kitchen-and-living-room: a vast open space penetrated by an abundance of natural light provided by the panoramic round pivot windows.Save this picture!© Ons Verleden HedentendageWell suited for individuals or couples with no children, the total floor space of the design is a mere 55 square meters, spanning 5.5 meters at the sphere’s diameter. Linked by diagonal pedestrian paths, the houses are located close to each other and experienced as discreet units; with no communal outdoor seating or shared courtyards, the design seems to encourage the single-dwellers of the globes to remain introverted and isolated, much like their homes.Save this picture!© Gili MerinKreijkamp’s fascination with spheres began a while before his physical manifestation of the Bolwoningens. In 1964, while employed by The Royal Dutch Glassworks making crystal spheres, he argued that round shapes are the most organic form of living: “We live on a sphere, we are born out of a sphere… why not live in a sphere?” [1]Save this picture!© Gili MerinKreijkamp was not only formally poetic, he was also a rationalist who boasted the sustainable advantages offered by spheres: the assembly of the homes, composed entirely of prefabricated parts, could be carried out in a single day, and with a low energy consumption and easy maintenance, the houses were highly economical. His homes at Den Bosch weigh only 1250 kg, even less than Buckminster Fuller’s famously lightweight Dymaxion house.Save this picture!© Ons Verleden HedentendageKreijkamp’s vision was never entirely fulfilled; according to him, the Bolwonings have an enormous potential and endless applications, including linking the spheres together, designing custom-made accessories, mobile prototypes and even floating and hovering globes. Unfortunately, he passed away before convincing the world of the merit of his ideas and the materialization of his visions were put to rest. Nevertheless, the ambition, innovation and imagination inherent in the project will continue to inspire architects and designers to constantly challenge the existing paradigms.[1] (translated from Dutch to English) Housing•’s-Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands AD Classics: Bolwoning / Dries Kreijkamp center_img Area:  55 m² Area:  55 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Year:  1984 The Netherlands ArchDaily photographs:  Gili Merin, Ons Verleden HedentendagePhotographs:  Gili Merin, Ons Verleden Hedentendage, Project gallerySee allShow lessMaisam Creates A Gateway to PetraArchitecture NewsRebuilding Sandy Hook: How Svigals + Partners’ Design Offers Safety and SolaceArchitecture NewsProject locationAddress:Bollenveld 20, 5235 NN ‘s-Hertogenbosch, The NetherlandsLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share Year:  ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Architects: Dries Kreijkamp Area Area of this architecture project Photographslast_img read more

Sequence of L walls / Ikeda Yukie Ono Toshiharu Architects

first_imgArchDaily Photographs CopyHouses•Shimonoseki, Japan Houses Manufacturers: NEW LIGHT POTTERY, Osmo, Kyoei Mokuzai, NuprotecSave this picture!© Koichi TorimuraRecommended ProductsMetallicsKriskadecorMetal Fabric – Outdoor CladdingFiber Cements / CementsEQUITONEFiber Cement Facade Panel NaturaFiber Cements / CementsSwisspearlSwisspearl Largo Fiber Cement PanelsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesIsland Exterior FabricatorsCurtain Wall Facade SystemsText description provided by the architects. A couple retired to the countryside. As newcomers, they wished to be open and contribute to their new community. Following this idea, the house was planned to be open and public, centering on the retired preschool teacher wife’s picture book collection, a simple hall for the husband, a flute player, and a garden, without a wall, like a park. To support this open lifestyle in the long term, we also were careful to make private spaces for the couple.Save this picture!© Koichi TorimuraThe property itself features a quiet bamboo grove and a stream to the north, and a sunny path in the south. To bring a feeling of abundance to the beautiful piece of land, we created a multipurpose space that had a feeling of progression, of unfolding.Animals are said to relax best in a space that provides both prospect and refuge. We tried to create such a space.Save this picture!© Koichi TorimuraSave this picture!Floor planSave this picture!© Koichi TorimuraFirstly, we placed L-shaped walls that defined spaces simply and shifted them slightly to make crevices between the L walls and thus create views. The functions were placed along the ridge of the roof so that privacy increases in the back and openness increases in front.Save this picture!© Koichi TorimuraAcoustic requirements specified the gable roof, and under that to the left and right along the axis of the ridge, L walls overlap and provide a natural refuge. Through the crevices between the L walls, light, wind, greenery and people come and go. This will support the couple’s new life, in tune with their surroundings.Save this picture!© Koichi TorimuraProject gallerySee allShow lessYiyuan Xiaozhu / Shanghai Dachuan ArchitectsSelected ProjectsThe Box- Tel Aviv Loft for a young couple / Toledano+ArchitectsSelected Projects Share Projects “COPY” “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Architects: Ikeda Yukie Ono Toshiharu Architects Area Area of this architecture project Sequence of L walls / Ikeda Yukie Ono Toshiharu ArchitectsSave this projectSaveSequence of L walls / Ikeda Yukie Ono Toshiharu Architectscenter_img Year:  2016 Area:  87 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Save this picture!© Koichi Torimura+ 34Curated by María Francisca González Share Sequence of L walls / Ikeda Yukie Ono Toshiharu Architects Japan ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Photographs:  Koichi Torimura Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project CopyAbout this officeIkeda Yukie Ono Toshiharu ArchitectsOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesShimonosekiJapanPublished on January 25, 2019Cite: “Sequence of L walls / Ikeda Yukie Ono Toshiharu Architects” 24 Jan 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogPartitionsSkyfoldChoosing the Skyfold Wall for Your SpaceGlass3MSun Control Window Film in MarkthalBathroom AccessorieshansgroheBath & Shower ThermostatsCabinetsFlorenseCabinet – FloAirWood Boards / HPL PanelsBruagStair Railing – CELLON®LightsLouis PoulsenOutdoor Lighting – Flindt GardenBathroom AccessoriesBradley Corporation USAHigh Speed Hand Dryers – Aerix+BoardsForestOneLaminate – EGGER laminatesAcousticSchöckStaircase Insulation – Tronsole®Metal PanelsRHEINZINKPanel Systems – Horizontal PanelWall / Ceiling LightsA-LightAccolade Wall Light at River Dental OfficeBricksStröherClinker Brick Slips – StiltreuMore products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?退休老人的野外居所 / 池田雪绘大野俊治建筑事务所是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

Los retos que plantea la ofensiva de la derecha en América Latina

first_imgEsta es la segunda sección de la exposición presentada por Olmedo ­Beluche, Analista y autor marxista panameño, profesor de sociología de la Universidad de Panamá y miembro del Polo Democrático. Beluche, hizo su presentación durante un foro titulado “La situación de las Izquierdas en América Latina,” organizado por la Fundación Friedrich Ebert en la ciudad de Panamá el 25 de agosto del 2016.Parte IILa crisis política es una lucha por el ­control del ingreso nacional:El efecto político de esta situación en nuestro continente implica la crisis o “fin de ciclo” de los gobiernos “populistas o progresistas”, que financiaron importantes programas sociales con el “boom” de los precios de las exportaciones de materias primas. La crisis política se manifiesta como una disputa más álgida entre los partidos y las clases sociales por el control del aparato del estado.El sistema recorta la posibilidad de gobiernos que busquen equilibrios sociales mediante programas de transferencias (subsidios). La “medicina” ordenada desde los centros de mando del capitalismo es más austeridad, por eso se impulsa con todos los medios gobiernos capaces de imponerla a los pueblos, la derecha política.Aunque haya gobiernos “progresistas” dispuestos a aplicar, así sea parcialmente, los ajustes, como sucedió con el PT brasileño, lo cual le llevó a erosionar su base social de apoyo facilitando el golpe de estado contra Dilma Rousseff, es más eficiente para el sistema que lo hagan gobiernos descarnadamente derechistas. En términos generales, los gobiernos socialdemócratas, progresistas o populistas siempre tienen presiones de sus bases electorales e internas que dificultan la aplicación consecuente de medidas neoliberales.Para enfrentar crisis de este tipo son más útiles al sistema capitalista gobiernos de derecha. Por lo que, desde los centros de poder económico mundial, se impulsa el vuelco hacia gobiernos de derecha o liberales, ya sea por la vía electoral o mediante golpes de estado más o menos solapados. También a lo interno de los países, las burguesías están menos dispuestas a compartir los réditos de las exportaciones y el ingreso nacional con las clases populares, por ello luchan por el control del aparato del estado para usarlo a su favor en la crisis.Este es el fenómeno político que se está produciendo en América Latina. Su origen es la propia crisis sistémica del capitalismo.La derrota electoral del peronismo en Argentina, la creciente inestabilidad en Venezuela y el intento de la oposición de forzar el referendo revocatorio, así como el golpe de estado parlamentario contra la presidente Dilma Rousseff, son las expresiones más claras de la crisis política y la disputa entre las clases sociales por el control de la renta nacional.No olvidemos que a estos acontecimientos les han precedido los golpes de estado contra presidentes legítimamente electos como Aristide en Haití, Zelaya en Honduras y Lugo en Paraguay.Otra víctima directa de la ofensiva de la derecha son las instituciones inter­nacionales fundadas o refundadas bajo el liderazgo de Hugo Chávez que buscaban dar un poco más de soberanía y unidad a las naciones latinoamericanas frente al control del imperialismo norteamericano, como: el ALBA, CELAC, Mercosur, etc.Si en los diez años de buenos precios de las exportaciones, alcanzó para que la burguesía latinoamericana tomara su parte y a la vez se financiaran desde el estado los programas sociales de “transferencias”, ahora hay que cortar y alguien tiene que perder. La burguesía no está dispuesta a ceder su pedazo.Por ello, la imposición de gobiernos de derecha va acompañada de fuertes medidas neoliberales, de recortes del gasto social y derechos económicos, como lo prueban la gestión de Macri en Argentina y Temer en Brasil.c. ¿Cuál ha sido el carácter de los ­gobiernos progresistas o populistas?Los gobiernos progresistas o populistas latinoamericanos han sido producto de verdaderas revoluciones populares que estallaron hacia los años 90, luego de más de una década de aplicación de duros planes de “ajuste estructural” por gobiernos oligárquicos, neoliberales y obedientes a los dictados del FMI y el Banco Mundial. La superexplotación a que sometieron a los asalariados, la miseria y desempleo a la que llevaron a millones de personas, produjo en algunos países sublevaciones populares.El liderazgo de Hugo Chávez nació de los dramáticos acontecimientos del “Caracazo” de 1989; el de Evo Morales de la lucha de los cocaleros por defender sus cultivos y la “guerra del agua” contra las privatizaciones; el de Rafael Correa, de movimientos sociales y crisis políticas semejantes. El gobierno de los Kirchner en Argentina no se entiende sin la explosión de 2000 – 2001 producida por “el corralito”.Los 15 años de gobiernos del PT en Brasil son producto de un ascenso más moderado pero continuado de las luchas obreras, al igual que el retorno al poder del FSLN en Nicaragua, y la victoria del FMLN en El Salvador.El carácter de esos procesos populares fue esencialmente popular, anti­neoliberal y democrático. Han sido procesos canalizados por la vía electoral, de manera que no rebasaron, hasta ahora, los márgenes de la democracia burguesa y de la propiedad capitalista. Contrario a las revoluciones ocurridas en el siglo XX, desde la rusa hasta la cubana, que rápidamente expropiaron a la clase capi­talista, los procesos populistas latinoamericanos de inicios del siglo XXI, se han mantenido dentro de los márgenes del sistema.El fallecido presidente Hugo Chávez, que ocupó la vanguardia de este proceso continental, tuvo el mérito de recuperar la aspiración de las masas a una socie­dad sin explotadores, el socialismo, en un momento decisivo de la historia ­humana cuando la “Caída del Muro”, la desa­parición de la URSS y el “socialismo de mercado” chino se habían transformado en una victoria política del capitalismo neoliberal.En una década a inicios del siglo XXI, cuando las fuerzas anticapitalistas reunidas en el Foro Social Mundial de Porto Alegre apenas se atrevían a sugerir que “otro mundo es posible”, por fuera de la globalización capitalista, Hugo Chávez se paró en su tribuna y dijo claramente que ese mundo posible era el “Socialismo del Siglo XXI”. Millones de personas se sintieron referenciadas en esa consigna, que inspiró su lucha. Ese es uno de los grandes aportes de Chávez a la lucha de clases en ese cambio de siglo.Sin embargo, el “socialismo del siglo XXI” era una fórmula algebraica en la que cada quien entendía lo que quería: unos veían una continuidad con el socialismo soviético de principios del siglo XX, otros una versión latinoamericana de la socialdemocracia, otros una crítica al estalinismo. Sea como sea, el hecho real es que siendo una buena fórmula propagandista, el proceso político venezo­lano, hasta hoy, no rebasó los límites del capi­talismo, la democracia burguesa y la propiedad privada capitalista.El país donde las nacionalizaciones de empresas avanzaron más fue ­Venezuela, sin embargo, en ningún momento el peso de la economía estatizada llegó a superar al sector privado. Y las empresas nacionalizadas han sufrido mala administración, conflictos laborales internos e incluso, en algunos casos, corrupción en sus gestores. La banca y el comercio exterior han seguido bajo control de los grandes capitalistas importadores. En Venezuela el estado ha controlado las divisas, pero la burguesía ha tenido la habilidad de usar el control cambiario y el mercado negro del dólar para hacerse con buena parte de la renta petrolera y las reservas de la nación, fugando capitales (se estima en 300 mil millones de dólares) a países como Panamá parte de la riqueza nacional, incluso usándolo para sabotear la economía, acaparar y promover la desestabilización política [5].Sin la nacionalización de la banca y el sistema financiero nacional, sin el control estatal del comercio exterior y sin la nacionalización de la gran indus­tria, es decir, sin elementales medidas realmente socialistas, los gobiernos latino­americanos en general están a mansalva de la burguesía, del imperialismo y del sabotaje económico, como prueba ­reiteradamente el caso de Venezuela.Esa contradicción explica sus limitaciones y la dificultad para responder a la ofensiva de las derechas nacionales apoyadas por el imperialismo norte­americano, y alentadas por los grandes medios de comunicación. A lo que se suma la actitud reformista de muchos dirigentes de estos gobiernos progresistas que, afectados por una especie de “cretinismo parlamentario” (Marx), se someten dócilmente a los formalismos de las instituciones burguesas, quieren demostrar que son buenos gestores del capitalismo y, ante todo, temen convocar a las masas a las calles. En este sentido ha sido clara la actuación de los dirigentes del PT brasileño en el marco del golpe contra Dilma, cuyo gobierno se habría defendido mejor con una huelga general que con alegatos en un Senado corrupto.d. Los programas sociales y algunas nacionalizaciones no son socialismo:Algunas personas han confundido los programas sociales característicos de esta “década progresista o populista” con socialismo, pero se equivocan. Los programas sociales, las “misiones” o subsidios, no son medidas de tipo social­ista, sino medidas redistributivas de estilo neokeynesiano, que se han financiado con los números positivos de las exportaciones de materias primas, principalmente petróleo.Los programas sociales no se han finan­ciado de la expropiación de la burguesía. Por el contrario, han sido incluso recomendados por los organismos de crédito internacional (FMI, Banco Mundial) para paliar el descontento social producido por la desigualdad impuesta por el neoliberalismo. Los organismos financieros del capitalismo les llaman “transferencias” y han sido ejecutadas incluso por gobiernos de derecha, como el de Martinelli en Panamá.Las nacionalizaciones por sí mismas tampoco son verdadero socialismo, aunque son grandemente progresivas. Si las nacionalizaciones se convierten en un acto meramente burocrático de estado, en el marco de una economía de mercado, en especial si al final llevan a una gestión corrupta e ineficiente por parte de gerentes impuestos, en todo caso se transforman en un “capitalismo de estado”.Para que la estatización o nacionalización de la industria adquiera un carácter socialista debe emanar de la auténtica e independiente movilización de los trabajadores, el control obrero de las fábricas y mecanismos asamblearios democráticos (sóviets). El socialismo no es una medida administrativa, sino una relación social, parafraseando a Marx.Notas:[5] Sutherland, Manuel. “2016: La peor de las crisis económicas, causas, medidas y crónica de una ruina anunciada”. Centro de Investigación y Formación Obrera (CIFO). Caracas, 16 de febrero de 2016.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Militant Black union leader honored

first_imgChris SilveraLos Angeles — The achievements of union and community organizer Chris Silvera were celebrated on March 10 when he was honored here with the Lifetime Achievement Award of the Teamsters National Black Caucus of Southern California.Silvera, based in Long Island City, N.Y., is a leader greatly admired throughout the U.S. for his militancy and strategic actions. He is the secretary-treasurer and principal officer of Teamsters Local 808. The local represents a diverse group of workers, including railroad, building maintenance, factory and public sector. Silvera is the longest serving principal officer in the Teamsters union.The Teamsters have a long, revolutionary history in the Black liberation struggle. TNBC was formed in 1971 to ensure that Black workers are represented in key leadership positions in the union, and to promote affirmative action and educate Black communities in and out of the union.The effectiveness of this work is apparent, as the Teamsters have a wonderful representation of Black leadership, including women. They are a powerful lesson in how a progressive union can lead by example.The TNBC SoCal branch is nationally recognized as a revolutionary, progressive branch, so it was fitting that it chose to honor Silvera. The event was organized by Robert Turner, a major progressive force in fighting for the rights of Black workers.Silvera was introduced by Sen. Maxine Waters, who highlighted the importance of Silvera’s victory in having International Workers’ Day (May Day) proclaimed as an official holiday for Local 808 workers.In his acceptance speech, Silvera stressed the importance of revolutionary leadership. He opened with a quotation from the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.: “Human progress is neither automatic nor inevitable. Even a superficial look at history reveals that no social advance rolls in on the wheels of inevitability. Every step towards the goal of justice requires sacrifice, suffering, and struggle; the tireless exertions and passionate concern of dedicated individuals.”Silvera used this quote to highlight the work that SoCal TNBC does on a continual basis to make change through class struggle. He confronted Trump’s attacks on the working class and stressed the importance of all workers remaining united as the working class rather than hiding behind the safety of “middle class” labels.The Local 808 leader stated that it is the union’s duty to organize and move its workers to understand that Trump is not for them, that Trump is explicitly anti-worker. He explained that the union should be used as a vehicle for advancement, not complacency, and that taking a risk to fight for rights earned by the unions is both necessary and needed.He emphasized that union business agents must not accept tokens and trinkets for their silence and compliance, but rather be true representatives in uplifting Black communities all over the world, most especially in times of need. He spoke of global Black communities suffering because of U.S. imperialism, including Haiti, Nigeria and the Sudan — all needing solidarity from the TNBC.Silvera highlighted the importance of recognizing the transformation of the U.S. from an industrial country to a service economy, and the need for service workers to demand and earn the same wages, securities and benefits as other unionized workers.He called on the Teamsters as a whole to be responsible as leaders in the labor movement to uplift the working class. He defined the role of the TNBS as increasing the participation of Blacks in the working-class struggle in order to manifest true equality and dignity for all workers.Silvera was accompanied by his longtime friends Clarence Thomas and Dolores Lemon Thomas. Thomas, a union organizer and retired member of International Longshore and Warehouse Union Local 10 from the Bay Area, played a key role in the historic closings of San Francisco ports to protest South Africa’s apartheid regime. Chris Silvera and Clarence Thomas were leading organizers of the landmark Million Worker March in 2004.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more